Faculty of Medicine & Heath Sciences

University of Kordofan

Courses contents and the specific objectives

Course Title: Islamic culture:

Semesters: 1

Credit hours: 2

Course Objectives:

  1. Recognition of Islamic culture: linguistic and terminology
  2. Recognition of the characteristics of Islamic culture
  3. Understand the meaning of “No Ellah except Alla and Mohammed is Alla prophet “
  4. Recognition of Islamic Ageda and its effects on reform of societies
  5. Understand the Islamic opinion concerning abortion and brain death
  6. Recognition of the causes of the spread of Alamania and its most common features

Title of contents:

No Title
1 Linguistic definition of culture and definition of Islamic culture
2 Characteristics of Islamic culture
3 Definition of Islamic Ageda and its effects of individual and the society
4 Believe in the presence Alla Taala and the clues on his presence
5 Tawheed Elrubibia
6 Tawheed ElOlohea
7 Clarification of the meaning of “No Ellah except Alla”
8 Examples of “ ElSherk Alakber”
9 Examples of “ ElSherk Alasger”
10 Tawheed “ Alasma and Alsifat”
11 Islamic opinion concerning abortion and brain death
12 Definition of Alamania and the reasons of its spread in Europe and the Islamic World

Course Title: Arabic language:

Semesters: 1

Credit hours:2

Course Objectives:

  1. Recognition of the importance of Arabic language
  2. Recognition of the importance of learning Arabic language specially for Muslim because it is the language of Holly Quran
  3. Recognition of the history of Writing in general and Arabic writing specifically
  4. Knowledge of the basic principles of spelling
  5. Knowledge of the basic principles of writing
  6. Knowledge of the basic principles of letter and ….. writing in Arabic language
  7. Knowledge of the basic principles of writing of research paper

Titles of contents:

NO Title
1 Language
2 Pronunciation mistakes in Arabic language
3 Importance of Arabic language in Islam
4 Writing – definition and development
5 Arabic writing – origin and types
6 Principles of Arabic spelling
7 Writing techniques
8 Paragraph in Arabic language
9 Summary in Arabic language
10 Essay
11 Letters
12 Research paper

Course Title: Biology:

Semesters: 1

Credit hours: 3

Course Objectives:

  1. Recognition of the components of the living cell
  2. Recognition of the basic characteristic of the living cell
  3. Recognition of cell types
  4. Recognition of the components and characteristics of cell membrane
  5. Understand the nature of the Living cell and its surrounding environment
  6. Recognition of the life cycle of the
  7. Recognition of mechanisms of signals transport between different cell organales

Titles of contents:

No Title
1 Field of Biology
2 Characteristics of animal tissues
3 Living cell – Introduction – Cell theory
4 Basic characteristics of the living cell
5 Types of cells
6 Characteristics and components of cell membrane
7 Reaction between cell and its surrounding environment
8 Living cell organales
9 Life cycle of living cell
10

Mechanisms of signals transport between different cell organales

Course Title: Medical physics:

Semesters: 1

Credit hours: 3

Course Objectives:

  1. Recognition of the physical characteristics of sounds
  2. Recognition of the basic characteristics diagnostic radiology
  3. Recognition of the basic characteristics of the electrical activity of the heart and brain
  4. Recognition of the basic characteristics of Nuclear Medicine
  5. Understand the usage of radiation therapy and the preventive measures to avoid its hazards
  6. Recognition of lazer therapy and its therapeutic applications
  7. Recognition of the general characterics of heat ( thermometers, thermal effects)
  8. Recognition of the general characterics of optics instruments ( Eye lens, microscope)
  9. Recognition of the components of optics instruments ( Eye lens, microscope)
  10. Recognition of the mechanical characterics of matter ( elasticity, density)

Titles of contents:

No Title
1 Characterics of sound
2 Introduction of radiology
3 Basic characteristics of the electrical activity of the heart and brain
4 Introduction of Nuclear Medicine
5 Radiation therapy and the preventive measures to avoid its hazards
6 lazer therapy and its therapeutic applications
7 Heat (thermal effects, thermometers)
8 Refraction & reflection (light engineering)
9 Optic instruments ( Eye lens, microscope)
10 Mechanical characteristics of matter ( elasticity, density)
11 Pressure (blood pressure)

Course Title:

Chemistry (General, Physical, & organic):

Semesters: 1

Credit hours: 3

Course objectives:

  1. Recognition of states of matter
  2. Recognition of the theory of partial movement of gases
  3. Definition of thermal dynamic – The first law
  4. Recognition of the basis of thermal chemistry
  5. Recognition of methods of measurement solutions concentration
  6. General characteristic of hydrocarbons
  7. Knowledge of the terminologies of the organic compounds
  8. Recognition of the electronic structure of atom
  9. Recognition of the general characteristics of the hydrocarbons derivatives – Alcohol
  10. Study of starch chemistry
  11. Study of the chemistry of amino acids and protein

Titles of contents:

No Title
1 States of matter
2 theory of partial movement of gases
3 thermal dynamic – The first law
4 thermal chemistry
5 Modern electronic theory
6 methods of measurement solutions concentration
7 Hydrocarbons
8 Terminologies of organic compounds
9 Electronic structure of atom
10 Hydrocarbons derivatives – Alcohol
11 Starch
12 Amino acids & proteins

Course Title: Medical Professionalism:

Semesters: 1, 6, 9

Credit hours: 3

Course Objectives:

General Objective:

To introduce participants to the concept and principles of professionalism and its importance for good medical practice.

Specific Objectives: By the end of the training course the participants should be able to:

  •  Define the main principles of professional practice and overview milestone documents on professionalism.
  • Define the importance of ethical principles (autonomy, ethics and good professional behavior) and their role in good patient care.
  • Identify the role and methods of effective communication in professional practice.
  • Analyze some shortcomings in current medical practice in Sudan and acquire some skills to overcome them.
  • To direct students to pay attention to debates of ethics in the media.
  • To help students develop skills in critical thinking.
  • To prepare students for life as a committed citizen in the society.

Course content:

Semester Contents Credit Hrs
Semester 1

Medical Professionalism (1)

1.The Triad of Medical Education:

Undergraduate Medical Education, Post Graduate Medical Education, Continuous Professional Development   (CPD)

2.Definitions and roles of: World Health Organization (WHO), World Federation of Medical Education (WFME), Sudan Medical Council (SMC) &

History of Sudan Medical Services.

3. What is Medical Professionalism?

4.The Professional Code of Conduct: SMC Oath,

Physical appearance, Time management,

Professional values: (Punctuality, honesty & integrity, caring & compassion, altruism & empathy, respect for others, trustworthiness)

5.The global concept of health

1
Semester 6

Medical Professionalism (2)

1. Professional Behavior

Moral standards, Upholding Professional Values,

Continuous commitment to excellence, Demonstrating Professional Attitudes, Advocacy, Team work, Leadership in Medicine, Response to society needs.

2.Medical Ethics I: (Introduction)

Clinical competence, Ethical and legal understanding, Physicians accountability,

Beneficence & non-maleficence, Patient’s safety, Patient’s autonomy (Privacy, Confidentiality &Self-determination)

1
Semester 9

Medical Professionalism (3)

  1. Medical Ethics II:

The Informed Consent, Morbidity & Mortality Committees, Death Certificate, Medical Records,

Medical Reports, Referral of Patients, Futility, Conflicts of interests, Justice and equality

  1. Communication skills: Verbal communications, Non-verbal communications: Active listening, History taking, Breaking bad news, Consultations (and counseling),Obtaining informed consent

3.Human rights in medicine: Geneva Declaration, Helsinki Declaration

4.Doctor and society

5. The legal responsibility of the doctor

1
Total Credit Hrs 3

Course Title: English language:

Semesters: 1

Credit hours: 2

Course Objectives:

  1. To enable students to acquire the history and origin of the medicalword
  2. To enable the students to know the elements of the medical word and its pronunciation
  3. To provide students with opportunities to communicate in English
  4. To develop students awareness of the importance of English as a mean of international communication
  5. To enable students to acquire the linguistic competence required in different professions
  6. To provide students with the linguistic basis that would enable them to participate in transferring other nations’ scientific and technological advances that can enhance the progress of their nation.
Semester Contents Credit Hrs
Semester: One
  1. Introduction to communication
  2. Communication development
  3. Elements of communication
  4. Communication skills
  5. Effective communication
  6. Listening as a communication skill
  7. The importance of communication
  8. Communication style
  9. Medical terminology systems
  10. Definition
  11. Medical words
  12. Suffixes and affixes
  13. Combining form
  14. Word Root
1
Total Credit Hrs. 1

Anatomy Curriculum:

Semesters: 2, 3, 4, 5

Credit hours: 24

Objectives:

Gross Anatomy:

On successful completion of the gross anatomy, the student is expected to be able to:

  1. Know the main morphological features and the most important relations of the bones, muscles, vessels, nerves and organs.
  2. Project the location and extensions of the most important of these anatomical structures on the surface.
  3. Identify these anatomical structures on x-radiographs, CT and MRI scans.
  4. Correlate the anatomy with the clinical problems encountered in patients

Histology:

  1. Know the different types of the normal body tissues
  2. Know the structure of the different organs and systems of the body
  3. Understand the general idea of slide preparation.
Embryology:
  1. Determine the time indicating the major periods of development.
  2. . Describe the location of fertilization and cleavage
Neuroanatomy:
  1. Review the gross features of the head and neck.
  2. Identify and describe structure of the nervous system and its components
  3. Describe and explain various functions of the nervous system components and special senses
  4. locate the site of the clinical lesion wherever it is in the nervous system

The course contents:

Semester Contents Credit hours
Second and third

Anatomy (1&2)

Gross anatomy(introduction-upper limbs-thorax-abdomen),General Embryology, General histology

12
Fourth & fifth

Anatomy (3&4):

Gross anatomy(pelvis, lower limbs, head and neck),systemic Embryology, systemic Histology and Neuroanatomy

 

12
Total credit Hrs 24

Physiology Curriculum:

Semesters: 2,3,4 &5

Total credit hours: 12

Objectives:

By the end of this course the student should be able to:

  1. Appreciate the relationship between humans and their environment so as to identify the place of human physiology in the study of medicine as a health and social science.
  2. Comprehend the functional organization of the organ system of human body in order to develop a holistic approach to the study of medicine.
  3. Understand the concepts of the internal environment and its constancy as an important condition for normal health.
  4. Acquire basic information on body composition so as to interpret changes which occur in disease processes, such as dehydration, odema, hyper and hypoosmollality and acid base disturbances.
  5. Describe the major components and properties of control systems so as to explain the physiological mechanisms encountered in the study of the organ systems.
  6. Describe and explain the functions of the molecular components of a typical cell.
  7. Explain the various mechanisms of intercellular communication.
Semester Contents Credit hours
Second and third Semester

Physiology (1&2)

Introductory course, Excitable tissue, ANS and Hematology, Respiratory physiology, CVS and GIT

6
Fourth and fifth Semester

Physiology (3&4)

Renal physiology, Acid base balance , Endocrinology, Reproductive physiology, Skin, Body temperature and CNS

6
Total credit hrs 12

 Biochemistry curriculum:

Semesters: 2,3,4, 5

Total Credit hours: 12

Medical student who acquire a sound knowledge of biochemistry will be in position to confront in practice and research, the two central concerns of health sciences:

  1. The understanding and maintenance of health.
  2. The understanding and effective treatment of disease.

Biochemistry and medicine are intimately related health dependants on a harmonious balance of biochemical reaction, or biochemical process.

A sound knowledge of biochemistry and other related basic disciplines is essential for the rational practice of medical and related health sciences.

Biochemistry courses are studied in four semesters from 2 to 5. By the end of these courses the student should:

  1. Be acquired the basic knowledge of types of cells and their organelles.
  2. Understand the chemical component of cell and understand the importance classification and medical correlation of carbohydrate lipids, protein, enzymes, vitamins and nucleic acid.
  3. Know major concepts of metabolism, knowledge of metabolism in normal human in prerequisite to a sound understanding of metabolic disorders underlying many diseases.
  4. Become acquainted with the mechanism of the production and energy store in the body.
  5. Understand hormonal regulation of metabolism.
  6. Understand principles of molecular biology.
  7. Have idea about oncology, immunochemistry and drug metabolism.
  8. Provided with certain laboratory understanding aids in the diagnosis of disease by studying practical biochemistry.
Semester Contents Credit hours
Second and third

Biochemistry (1&2)

Chemistry (chemical component of the cell), metabolism, practical biochemistry I.

6
Fourth and fifth Biochemistry (3&4): Basis of molecular biology, specialized topics (hormones, immune chemistry, xinobiotic), practical biochemistry II. 6
Total credit hrs 12

Pathology curriculum:

Semesters: 6, 7, 8

Credit hours: 18

Intended learning outcomes:

By the end of this course the student shall:

  1. Describe the scientific basis of body’s reaction to injury and its clinical relevance.
  2. Describe the aetiologic factors of various human diseases.
  3. Describe the gross and microscopic features of various human diseases.
  4. Analyze and interpret the pathological features of diseases.
  5. Request for clinically relevant laboratory investigations.
  6. Recognize common normal and abnormal clinical findings and relate them to the pathopyhsiology of common medical conditions.
  7. Apply critical thinking and problem solving approaches to learning.
  8. Understand the interactive role of the doctor in health care and the community.
  9. Develops personal and professional attitudes towards patients, teachers and peers.
  10. Be an independent life-long learner

The course contents:

Semester Contents Credit hours
Semester 6
  1. Introduction to pathology 8. Neoplasia
  2. Cell injury 9.Enviromental disease
  3. Intracellular accumulation 10.Vascular pathology
  4. Inflammation   11.
  5. Healing and repair
  6. Hemodynamic
  7. Genetics
6
Semester 7
  1. Immunopathology (1)   7.Breast pathology
  2. Immunopathology (2)   8.GIT pathology
  3. Tropical pathology       9.Hepatobiliary pathology
  4. Hematology
  5. Male genital tract pathology
  6. Female genital tract pathology
6
Semester 8
  1. Renal system           4.Musculoskeletal system
  2. Endocrine system     5.CNS pathology
  3. Chemical pathology 6.Skin pathology
6
Total credit hrs 18

Microbiology Curriculum:

Semester: 6, 7, 8

Total Credit Hrs: 12

Intended learning outcome:

By the end of this course, the student should be able to:

  1. Illustrate general bacterial morphology, physiology and genetics
  2. Understand the host parasite relationship and microbial pathogenesis
  3. Explain the immune system, its hypersensitivity, autoimmunity and transplant rejection
  4. Describe the morphology, culture, antigenic structure and virulence factors of microorganisms of medical importance
  5. Recognize the most important infectious clinical conditions and outline the diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of the most likely organisms causing such diseases.
  6. Describe the most important methods of decontamination and principles of infection control.
  7. Describe the most basics of ant-microbial uses and resistance.
  8. Understand the impact of molecular technology in microbiology immunology.
  9. Identify medically important bacteria based on microscopic examination of stained preparations.
  10. Perform a Gram stain and a Ziehl-Neelsen stain and identify, according to morphology and characteristics, stained preparations.
  11. Identify culture media and biochemical tests commonly used for bacterial identification and distinguish positive and negative results.
  12. Perform hand wash and control of steam sterilization.
  13. Interpret results of microbiological, serological and molecular tests.
  14. Interpret microbiological, immunological and molecular reports.
  15. Formulate a systematic approach for laboratory diagnosis of common infectious clinical conditions and select the most appropriate and cost-effective tool leading to the identification of the causative organism.
  16. Evaluate according to evidence the causal relationship of microbes and diseases.
  17. Categorize a microorganism as a bacterium parasite, virus or fungus according to standard taxonomy.
  18. Report and appraise a concise scientific thinking and integrity.
  19. Appreciate the danger of handling and use of infectious agents on community and environment as a part of their ethical heritage.

Course contents

Semester Contents Credit Hrs
Semester 6

Morphology, structure, and classification of

Bacteria.

General methods for identification of bacteria.

Sterilization and disinfection methods

Antimicrobial chemotherapy

4

Semester 7

Immunology

Systemic bacteriology.

General and systemic mycology.

4

Semester 8

General and systemic virology

Infection control and nosocomial infections

Applied microbiology.

Host-parasite relationship, causal effect, virulence factors and pathogenesis.

4

Total Credit Hrs 12

Pharmacology Curriculum:

Semester: 6, 7, 8

Total Credit Hrs: 3

Course Objectives:

By the end of this course the student should have good knowledge about:

  1. Definition, classification pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetics of drugs.
  2. Life-saving drugs.
  3. Treatment of common tropical diseases.
  4. Principles of Chemotherapeutics & antimicrobial therapy.
  5. Principles of anti-inflammatory drugs.
  6. Principles of immunosuppressant drugs.
  7. Drugs which are in common use in treatment of CNS, CVS, respiratory, GIT and endocrine diseases.
  8. Design of pharmaceutical care plan.

The course contents are distributed through semester 6, 7 and 8 as follows:

     Semester 6:

Subject Credit hours
Introduction to pharmacology and drug administration 1
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacodynamic & drug receptors
Drugs affecting autonomic nervous system
Anti-inflammatory drugs
Tutorials, seminars, pharmaceutical care plan

 Semester 7:

Subject Cr. hour
Drugs affecting the respiratory system 1
Drugs affecting cardiovascular system and renal system
Drugs affecting the blood
Drugs affecting the endocrine system and diabetes mellitus.  
Drugs affecting the alimentary system (GIT)
Tutorials, Seminars, Pharmaceutical care plan

Semester 8:

Subject Credit hours
Chemotherapeutic drugs. 1
Drugs affecting the central nervous system
Immunosuppressant drugs.
Selected Topics
Tutorials , seminars ,Pharmaceutical care plan

Community Medicine:

Semester: 1, 2, 3 , 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Credit Hrs: 10

Intended outcomes of curriculum:

 Long term outcomes:-

After the completion of the curriculum the student should be able to:

  1. Appreciate the interactions between the individual, the community and the environment in order to effectively promote health, prevent disease and manage health problems.
  2. Identify and help to manage the major health problems of the individuals, families, and communities, including diagnosis, prevention and management of health problems and rehabilitation.
  3. Apply clinical skills, scientific methods and evidence-based medicine for the purpose of diagnosis, management and prevention of diseases at individual and community level.
  4. Appreciate the constraints imposed by limited personnel and financial resources in the delivery of health care in order to workout priorities.
  5. Continue to learn independently and participate in education and training of human resources in the health sector.
  6. Prepare the students in scientific thinking and research methods in order to conduct useful research in the medical and health sciences fields.
  7. Lead, supervise, teach, train and work in harmony with the members of the health team.

Observe high standards of morals, legal, medical ethics and responsibility. Be modest and respect the beliefs and feelings of his patients and their families.

 Short term outcomes:-

  1. Identify the priority health problems at individual and community level, their etiological factors, and available options to solve them.
  2. Appreciate the factors governing the life cycle, reproductive health and population and their impact on health.
  3. Understand the basis of disease processes.
  4. Appreciate the environmental and social determinants of health.
  5. Realize the principles of health promotion and disease prevention.
  6. Acquire the basis for management of acute illness, caring of non emergency conditions, planning rehabilitation care and follow up to chronic illness as well as ameliorating suffering, relief of pain and care of the dying patients.
  7. Appreciate the importance and principles of efficient and communication with patients, their families and the health team, showing respect to their privacy, culture, religion and tradition.
  8. Recognize the priorities, objectives, strategies and structure of the health system in Sudan and the job description and interaction of the health team members for better services.
  9. Work with and lead the health team.
  10. Participate in continuing education programmes to ensure maintaining high level of professional competence.
  11. Appreciate the need to contribute to advancement of health in his community and medical knowledge through participation in research and teaching.

Curriculum Implementation Plan:

Semester Contents Credit Hrs

Semester (1-2):

 

-Introduction to community medicine

- The setup of the National Health System (1)

-Medical Sociology.

 

2

Semester (3-4):

 

- Community Medicine

-The setup of the National Health System (2)

-Medical Sociology.

 

2

Semester (5-6):

 

- Biostatistics (1).

- Epidemiology ( 1) - (Concepts of health and disease)

- Man and his environment

- Biostatics ( 2)

-Introduction to field activity

 

 

2

Semester (7-8):

 

-Environmental Health.

-PHC programs.

- Health Management

- Health centre activities

-Nutrition

-Occupational Health.

-Health economics.

- Biostatics ( 3)

- Epidemiology ( 2 )

- Demography

- Rural Residency (4 weeks).

 

 

2

Semester (9-10):

 

-Epidemiology (3)

-Research methodology

-Project finalization & supervision.

-Project presentations.

-Rural residency presentations.

- Resource day (one day/week): integrated seminars +

Clinico-Pathological Conferences.

- PHC rotation in Health centers (6 weeks)

Rural residency in Rural Hospitals (4w)

2

Total Credit Hrs 10

Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology:

Semester: 9 & 10

Credit Hrs: 3

By the end of this course the student should be able to:

  1. Describe different medico legal aspects of living and dead individuals regarding personal identification, diagnosis of death, causes and manner of death, postmortem changes and differentiation between type s of wounds.
  2. Describe and explain medico legal (ML) aspects of different cases of sexual offences.
  3. Define and explain maternal morbidity and mortality from ML point of view.
  4. Define and explain various medico legal aspects of malpractice.
  5. Describe basic background of medical ethics.
  6. List different classes of common toxic substances and environmental pollutants.
  7. Describe and explain the circumstances of intoxication, toxic.
  8. Describe and explain initial appropriate first aid treatment and antidotal measures for different drugs and toxic substances

Course contents Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology:

Semester Contents Credit Hrs
Semester 9
  1. Identification of living and death
  2. Death, ML Aspects of sudden death.
  3. ML aspects of wounds.
  4. Paternity investigations.
  5. ML aspects of child abuse and domestic violence.
  6. DNA evidence.
  7. Sexual offences.
  8. ML aspects of abortion.
  9. ML aspects of pregnancy and delivery.
  10. Violent asphyxia.
  11. ML aspect of suspected death in childhood.
  12. Medical ethics.

2

 

Semester 10
  1. Classification of poisons.
  2. Clinical examination of a poisoned patient.
  3. Management of an intoxicated pt.
  4. Household intoxication.
  5. Medical toxicology.
  6. Inhalant poisons.
  7. Volatile poisons.
  8. Substances of abuse.
  9. Environmental pollutants.
2
Total Credit Hrs 4

Pediatrics Curriculum:

Semester: 9, 10, 11, 12

Credit Hrs: 12

Objectives and intended Outcomes:

General:

  1. To achieve the general goals of the faculty in graduating future doctors possessing the highest possible Excellency in medical knowledge , attitude and practice built on evidence based grounds built on evidence grounds.
  2. To faeilitate the graduate to obtain and accept the roles of medical ethics in their future medical practice.

Specific intended objectives:

Pediatrics is taught in the 4 last trimesters of the faculty 9th and 10th , 11th and 12. After completion of the pediatrics course the graduate should:

  1. Be able to understand the basic available medical information about the common pediatric health problems at the level of his /her community and national level (e .g: infections and nutritional problems) and also about some of the more comman international child hood health problems and the general aspects of their manage met.
  2. Have areas enable and sufficient information on the different areas of the process of growth and development of children and how it affect and is affected by the health status of the child.
  3. Properly assess the commonly encountered clinical pediatric problems in clouding how to follow the systematic approach in history taking, physical examination and the required investigations and the skit full use and interpretation of this collected dart in reaching the possible diagnoses and en list the child medical and social problems.
  4. Relate positively forwards regarding the common pediatric emergencies and life threatening conditions and to grow in the graduate the sense of emergency, recognition of the status and the measures to deal with such cases.
  5. Concentrate on the role of primary health care and preventive medicine in decreasing the child hood mortality and morbidity especially child nutrition and vaccination, also how to deal and involve in topics like modifiable diseases and communicable diseases.
  6. Gain some basic knowledge on how to council the parents and the families on certain child hood conditions for example: inherited, chronic and terminal disorders.
Semester Contents Credit Hrs
Semester 9&10

Introduction to pediatric ,basic concepts , statistical in dictators

Child growth and development.

Infant feeding

PHC programmers immunization and vaccination

Integrated management of childhood illnesses.

Protein energy malnutrition

Infections and communicable diseases:

Pediatric emergencies shock status epileptics. DKA. Status asthmaticus

Hematology and oncology, Bleeding disorder

6
Semester 11 &12

Cardiovascular disorder

Respiratory orders

Gastroenteritis & malabsorptions

Genitourinary diseases

Neonatology

Neurology

Rheumatoid arthritis

Endocrine disorders

Geneticdisorders

Poisoning accidents

6
Total Credit Hrs 12

Internal Medicine Curriculum:

Semester: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12

Total Credit Hrs: 21

General Objectives:

At graduation the student should be able to:

  1. Diagnose medical conditions commonly encountered in clinical practice
  2. Diagnose and manage medical emergencies
  3. Take a good history, conduct proper clinical examination, communicate and interpret clinical data
  4. Perform basic clinical skills in general medical practice such as: venepuncture, lumbar puncture, CXR and ECG interprtaion in common and emergency situations.
  5. Apply medical ethics and adequately communicate with patients and practice medicine in resource-limited areas with fairness and justice
  6. Set plans for control and prevention of medical conditions commonly encountered in our community for example: malaria, tuberculosis, HIV, schsitosomiasis, leishmaniasis, leprosy, and rheumatic heart disease

Course contents:

Semester Contents Credit Hrs
Semester 6, 7, 8

Clinical methods

Infectious diseases

Hematology

Rheumatology

Nephrology

Rheumatology

Clinical rounds

9
Semester 9, 10

GIT&Hepatology

Cardiology

Rheumatology

Pulmonology

Dermatology

Neurology

Psychiatry

Therapeutics

Clinical rounds

6
Semester 11, 12

Tutorials

Seminars

Clinical rounds

6
Total Credit hrs.   21

OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY:

Semester: 9, 10, 11, 12

Total Credit Hrs: 12

General objectives:

By the end of the course the student should be able to:

  1. Perform directed histories and physical examinations, including menstrual history, pelvic exams, breasts exams, Pap smears and cervical cultures.
  2. Diagnose and outline a management plan for gynecological problems and diseases.

Specific objectives:

Gynecology:

  1. Describe major types of family planning techniques including their side effects.
  2. Discuss normal and abnormal gynecologic endocrinology, including menopause.
  3. Describe important (because of impact or commonness) gynecologic problems and their solutions.

Obstetrics:

  1. Diagnose pregnancy.
  2. Explain the physiology of pregnancy as it affects the mother and the fetus
  3. Outline adequate prenatal and postnatal care, including patient education
  4. Identify the effects of medical and surgical problems on pregnancy and discuss their management.
  5. Show knowledge about management of normal labor and delivery.
  6. Describe types of abnormal labor and delivery, and appropriate management   procedures.
  7. Describe and manage abnormalities of the puerperium.
  8. Describe principles of obstetric genetic counseling.

Demonstrate interpersonal communication skills:

  1. Establish sufficient, visibility & rapport with patients .Preceptors & and other faculty (& residents if present) to be fairly evaluated.
  2. Display team work.
  3. Demonstrate responsibility, dependability with patient care.

Should has knowledge about common obstetric & gynecological procedures,

  1. Describe components of post-and-pre-operative evaluation.
  2. Outline common post-operative complications.
  3. Describe and participate in steps of vaginal delivery.
  4. Know and demonstrate universal precautions and proper surgical technique.  

Obstetrics & Gynecology contests:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

Semester Contents                                                                   Credit hrs
Semester 9 & 10
  1. Introduction to obstetrics
  2. Physiology & anatomy of reproduction.
  3. Physiological changes during pregnancy.
  4. Antenatal care (ANC ), Normal labor .
  5. Abnormal labor, Malpresentation & malposition
  6. Multiple pregnancy, Antepartum Haemorrhage.
  7. Postpartum haemorrhage.
  8. Bleeding in early pregnancy, Bleeding in late pregnancy, Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy.
  9. Diabetes in pregnancy.
  10. Heart disease in pregnancy , Anaemia in pregnancy.
  11. Infections
  12. Polyhyramios & Oligohydramnios
  13. Coagulation disorders with pregnancy
  14. IUFD
  15. Normal and abnormal puerperium.
  16. Obstetric & Gyn. Operations and anesthesia.
  17. Drugs affecting pregnancy.
  18. Normal menstruation.
  19. Menstrual disorders, Intersexuality.
  20. PID & STDs.
  21. Family planning, Infertility I, Infertility II
  22. Menopause.
  23. Uterine fibroid., Endometriosis & adenomyosis.
  24. Genital prolapsed, PCO, Endometrial carcinoma.
  25. Benign tumours of the ovary & Malignant tumours of the ovary, Benign conditions of the cervix & Malignant conditions of the cervix.
  26. Choriocarcinoma. 35. Maternal mortality.
6
Semester 11 & 12

Tutorials

Seminars

Clinical rounds

6
Total Credit hrs 12

Department of Surgery:

Semester: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12

Total Credit Hrs:21

Specific objectives:

By the end of the curriculum the student should:

  1. Be able to take history and do thrall physical examination to all body systems
  2. Be able to recognized the symptoms and signs of different surgical conditions
  3. Be able to choose and request the appropriate laboratory and imaging investigations
  4. Attend & perform basic surgical skills including:
    • Attend & perform intramuscular injections (surface anatomy & neurovascular pathways).
    • ttend I.V. cannula insertion with intra-venous fluid line set up. The student should understand skin microflora, skin preparation (antisepsis).
    • Attend venesection & study its indications and possible complications.
    • Attend and practice taking blood sample, blood grouping, blood donation, blood cross matching, blood transfusion & possible hazards.
  5. Attend first aid treatment of a shocked patient.
  6. Attend the resuscitation and management of burns (Guidelines of fluid replacement therapy).
  7. See & understand the fluid chart (input/output sheet).
  8. Attend & understand sequence of events in treatment and monitoring patients with head injury.
  9. Be able to deal with fractures in the emergency department
  10. Be able to manage eye diseases in acute and emergency presentations
  11. Be able to manage ENT disorders in acute and emergency presentations
  12. See patients with tracheotomy (ICU). Understand indications & complications of tracheotomy. Be familiar with types of tracheotomy tubes.
  13. Attend & assist in urethral catheterization for acute urine retention (knows types of urethral catheters & possible complications).
  14. Attend & perform abscess drainage (common types of abscess & their aetiology).
  15. Perform wound dressing (study wound healing & sepsis).
  16. Attend the introduction of a naso-gastric tube: its indications, complications.
  17. Attend the introduction of chest tube with underwater sealed drainage system, understand its mechanics, indications & complications.
  18. Understand the preoperative care of acute surgical conditions;
    • Acute appendicitis
    • Acute cholecysistitis
    • Acute pancreatitis
    • Acute intestinal obstruction
    • Perforated peptic ulcer
    • Understand the preoperative care of elective surgical conditions such as hernia repair, thyroid surgery, breast surgery and laparotomy.
    • Understand how patients are communicated and informed consent obtained.
    • Understand how patients are prepared for general anaesthesia.
    • Know types of local anaesthesia and their limitations.
Semester contents Credit hrs
Semesters 6,7 & 8

History Taking of Surgical Diseases

Physical Examination of the Surgical Patient

Clinico-Pathological Conferences

9
Semester 9, 10

Formal Lectures:

  1. Basic Surgical Principles: Shock, Patients with multiple injuries, Burns.
  2. Traumatology:Classification of fractures, Treatment of open fractures, Long bones factures, Chest injuries, Abdominal injuries, Pelvic injuries, Spinal injuries, Head injuries.
  3. Common Orthopaedic Problems:Congenital, Bone & Joint Infections, IVD Prolapse, Bone Tumours.
    1. GIT: Upper, Hepato-biliary & Lower;
    2. Skin tumours.
    3. The Diabetic Septic Foot

Tutorials.

Casualty assignments.

Clinical rounds

6
Semester   11, 12

Tutorials

Seminars

Clinical rounds

8
Total credit hrs 21